VOL 1 22 November 1941 NO. 14


NAVY ENLISTED MEN
SHARE IN TEN DOLLAR
MONTHLY INCREASE IN PAY

The Comptroller General's Office has ruled that enlisted men of the Navy and Marine Corps are entitled to $10.00 monthly increase in pay authorized for enlisted men of the Army in the Service Extension Act approved August 18, 1941. Basically, the law allows payment of the $10.00 a month additional over other amounts payable for any enlisted man serving in excess of twelve months.

The increase in applicable beginning August 19, 1941, for any enlisted man who has served twelve months prior and to that date.

Only active duty in the Naval or Marine Corps Reserves can be counted in determining the twelve months of service, training periods being excepted.

The $10.00 monthly increase in pay cannot be used in computing longevity or other pay increases;

The Editor made inquiry as to when the men aboard will "cash in" and was informed that nothing can be done until an A1Nav authorizes payment. This directive is expected any day now and as soon as it arrives aboard -- each man concerned will be notified of the amount of money he will receive.


CONGRATULATIONS --- Ensign and MRS. R. G. MERRITT --- the date: 20 November---many Years of happiness! THANKS AGAIN --- to the Hospitality Center for those fine parties and dances---plus the free tickets to "Rio Rita"--- Some of "youse guys" don't know what you've been missing. CONGRATULATIONS --- to Chief pay Clerks W.G. Nicol and W.L.A. Strawbridge upon their selection to the grade of Lieutenant and to Chief Carpenter J. Dyer upon his selection to the grade of Ensign. The ship has every reason to be proud of-these gentlemen and we, their shipmates, extend every best wish for continued success. Well done, Chanwos!


A MAN'S THANKSGIVING

My good God, I give Thee thanks for the heavy blows of pain that drive me back from perilous ways into harmony with the laws of my being; for stinging whips of hunger and cold that urge to bitter strivings and glorious achievement; for steepness and roughness of the way and staunch virtues gained by climbing over jagged rocks of hardship and stumbling through dark and pathless sloughs of discouragement; for the acid blight of failure that has burned out of me all thought of easy victory and toughened my sinews for fiercer battles and greater triumphs; for mistakes I have made, and the priceless lessons I have learned from them; for disillusion and disappointment that have cleared my vision and spurred my desire; for strong appetites and passions and the power they give when under pressure and control; for my imperfections that give me the keen delight of striving toward perfection.

God of common good and human brotherhood, I give Thee thanks for siren songs of temptation that lure and entangle and the understanding of other men they reveal; for the weaknesses and failings of my neighbors and the joy of lending a helping hand; for my own shortcomings, sorrows and loneliness, that give me a deeper sympathy for others; for ingratitude and misunderstanding and the gladness of service with our other reward than self-expression. ---------Arthur W. Newcomb

The moans and groans heard above and below decks last Thursday afternoon were of a pleasant variety. How could any man stow away the chow served on Thanksgiving Day without knowing that stomachs are just not big enough for a meal so inviting and so plentiful! Well done, ye galley crew, and ditto to all responsible for this fanciful feast.

The menu:

Cream of Turkey Soup
Saltines
Roast Young Turkey Baked Ham
Cranberry Sauce
Oyster Dressing Giblet Gravy
Candled Sweet Potatoes
Buttered Brussel Sprouts
Green Olives Celery
Mixed Fruit Salad
Hot Rolls Butter
Mince Pie Ice Cream
Coffee Filled Candies

NAVY NOTES

The Bureau of Ordnance of the Navy Department is experimenting on a new type of steel helmet designed to give adequate protection to its wearer and at the same time permit him to use a head-set telephone without interference. Elaborate tests of the new tin hat have been conducted and the model evolved which seems to meet with general approval is one resembling somewhat the German field helmet but with its edges flared to make room for the telephone gear. The new Navy helmet, a larger edition with modifications of the model recently adopted by the United States Army and now in production, weighs about four pounds, which is more than the new regulation field tin hat, and is lined with sponge rubber pads for comfort.

The Navy Department announced that finishing touches are now being applied to the huge monolithic concrete arched hangars built at the Naval Air Station, San Diego, California. The hangers are the first of concrete which the Navy has built. The buildings were adopted for economic consideration after a study of other types of construction to give the same space. Giant hinged arches give strength to the building shell. The total theoretical span between hinges is 294 feet with a rise of 81 feet above the floor line. The roof shell is rigidly framed into the arches with additional framing into leantos which are constructed to afford office space alongside the hangars proper

The Navy Department announced that concrete blocks for foundation bases of outside storage racks have proven highly satisfactory and economical. First general use tests were made at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, concrete blocks being substituted for wooden ones when swarms of termites (flying ants) attacked the wooden blocks and worked up through the racks. In that it was known that termites could not cause damage to wooden structures insulated from contact with the ground by done or concrete, it was decided to replace the wooden blocks with Concrete foundation pieces.

The Secretary of the Navy has designated Mrs. Christopher Robinson (Mrs. Neville Gherardi Robinson) of Rockcliff,. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, as sponsor for the GHERARDI, destroyer named in honor of her grandfather, the late Rear Admiral Bancroft Gherardi, U. S. Navy. The GHERARDI is under construction at the Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and is scheduled to be launched on February 1, 1942. First vessel of that name, the USS GHERARDI was authorized by Act of Congress dated July 19, 1940.


Send the "Scream" Home


CAPTAIN TRUXTUN'S ADDRESS

The following is an address made by Captain Thomas Truxtun to his ship's company in the U. S. S. CONSTELLATION on 19 June, 1799:

"The President of the United States has commanded me, thro' the Secretary of the Navy, to return his thanks to all those brave officers, and men of every discription, who served under my command, in the action and capture of the French National frigate INSURGENTE; and he indulges the pleasing hope, that those now engaged, will deserve a similar return from him, should an occasion occur. This reward to merit and bravery, ought, and I am sure it will, excite an emulation in every honest breast, to deserve well of his country; and I have no doubt in my mind, but I shall find my present ship's company as well disposed, and ready to meet the enemy on every occasion, as I have the satisfaction to say I did my former.

To be brave, humane, and generous, Gentlemen and Fellow Seamen, is no less your duty than it is satisfaction of a. grateful, and insulted country to reward you with its approbation, when you have proved so. Be ever gallant then, and never let it be said, that the CONSTELLATION (America's pride that shines as conspicuously brilliant, as the planetary: system) was otherwise than victorious.

On the ocean is our field; to reap-fresh laurels; let the capstan then be well manned, trip cheerfully our anchor, spread the sails, give three cheers, and away to hunt up our enemies, as we have done before, until we find them. In your various stations, be always alert, obedient to your superior officers, and conduct yourselves like men, and you shall ever be certain of the strictest justice from me -- but: as good order and regular discipline is what can only insure success in every enterprise, and do honor to the service, I shall with a watchful eye, discriminate between the deserving and the undeserving, and if any of the latter should be discovered on board this ship which I hope and trust will not be the case, they must, Painful as it will be to me, abide all the consequences set forth in the articles of war, established by Congress for the regulation of the naval service, which has been read to: you.

I shall, therefore, now concIude with commanding the strictest attention at at all times to order; and that a decent deportment be observed on board by every one, and that there be no noise, or any confusion made on any occasion by any person."

The foregoing address by Captain Truxtun expresses the sentiments and high principles of the American Navy as much today as it did when it was delivered one hundred and forty-two years ago, and it will be just as applicable one hundred years from now as it is today.

Captain Truxtun was one of our early naval heroes who helped to establish the naval traditions of which our service is justly proud. In his address he refers to those qualities of courage, a high sense of duty, justice, aind' well regulated discipline which have always been and always will be necessary parts in the composition of a member of the naval service.


OUR LIPS AND EARS

If you your lips would keep from slips,
Five things observe with care:
Of whom you speak, to whom you
speak,

And how and when and where.
If you your ears would save from
jeers,

These things keep meekly hid:
Myself and I, and mine and my,
And how I do and did.


CENTURY-OLD RESEARCH
AIDS SURVIVORS OF SHIP
SINKINGS IN CURRENT WAR

Mariners cast upon the mercy of the open seas by the torpedoing of ships in the Atlantic and other oceans are being guided to havens of safety by the results of a study of winds and currents made nearly a century ago by an officer of the U.S. Navy.

Many seamen whose vessels have gone down during the present war owe their lives to the information collected by Lieutenant Matthew Fontaine Maury from the logs of men-of-war and merchantmen between 1848 and 1861 when he headed what is now known as the U. S. Navy Hydrographic Office.

The success of these simple charts, coupled with the fact that recent attacks upon American merchantmen have brought a little closer to this country the problems of survivors of such sinkings, has moved the Hydrographic Office to make these charts available in sufficient quantities to enable all vessels to outfit their lifeboats with copies.

As a precautionary measure, the United States Maritime Commission has arranged within the past few days to equip the lifeboats of all of its vessels with these charts.

The charts, which bear a memorial notation to the effect that they were founded upon Lieutenant Maury's research--research which earned for him the cognomen of "Pathfinder of the Seas" -- and which have been universally acclaimed as the best of their type to be published since his time, are issued monthly at the Hydrographic Office and may be obtained there for l0 cents each.

On them appear the average weather which can be expected, the general strength slid direction of the wind, the direction of ocean currents, percentage of fog, tracks for sailing vessels and steamers and other information that is essential to mariners.

In a recent issue of a British publication, The Nautical Magazine, Captain J.G. Bruin, a Master Mariner, pointed out that such information will enable a boat to select the best point for making land and suggested the advisability of having every ship transversing dangerous areas equip each of its lifeboats with a copy of the U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office's pilot chart covering the area in which the ship operates.

The suggestion came when Captain Brain, who described himself as a "Dutchman" arrived in England after a trip from Buenos Aires, Argentine, in a British vessel, expressed surprise that such charts are not to be found among the lifeboat gear in many English ships, and appealed to ship owners in that country to take immediate steps to provide their lifeboats with the pilot charts.

"On these charts," he explained in an open letter to ship owners published in the magazine, "are very clearly given all particulars needed for navigators of all kinds of ships, but they are also very useful for lifeboat crews who practically cannot do without the knowledge which one extracts from the particulars given in the charts about currents, indicated by an arrow in the direction whereto the current runs; prevailing winds, indicated with force and direction where from; the distance to the nearest shore in nautical miles; tracks of shipping are very clearly given; lines of equal variation to verify the course of the compass; in wartime combat areas are outlined in red; storm tracks and many other useful particulars, and everybody who can read can understand them.

"Supposing something should go wrong in latitude 10 degrees South and longitude 20 degrees West and the crew had to take to the boats, just a glance at the pilot chart would tell them at once that making for the nearby Island of Asuncion would practically be impossible against wind and current though the distance is to the U.S.A. indicated and with to the shore you find shipping tracks only one-third of that to the nearest shore, but it about half the distance current and strong prevailing winds in the rear one immediately takes the right decision and sets sail to the West or W.S.W. The Nautical Almanac gives the declination of the sun daily and the latitude of the sun in the meridian at noon keeps you informed about the latitude as you don't want to bother about the longitude.

"Same thing near Freetown on the African coast, where recently a number of crews had to take to their boats. In latitude 5 degrees North and longitude 15 degrees West one has to steer North of N.N.E. to reach the shore of Freetown. A boat steering true East (the shortest distance as the crow flies) will never get to the shore but driven along the coast into the open by the strong Equatorial Current settling along the coast, Many more useful things are to be taken from the charts, and all the Dutch ships are carrying them in their lifeboats so why not the British? They give a feeling of safety to ship's crews and every commander of a lifeboat, boatswain, lamptrimmer, apprentice, a.s.o., should be given a good idea about how to use them.

"As a matter of fact each boat should be equipped with a handy, portable automatically working wireless set, but charts seem more important to me to get in there first of all."

Since publication of Captain Bruin"s letter the Hydrographic Office has received additional requests for the pilot charts, both from ship owners in England and those in other countries.


DID YOU KNOW?

--In all eggs the white becomes the embryo which gives life. The yolk is used only for nourishment in the process of development.
--In Egyptian hieroglyphics the letter A was originally a picture of an eagle.
--Aluminum has been on the markets not much more than a century. A Danish scientist named Oersted in 1825 found a way to remove it from soil and rock with the help of heat. It brought $542 a pound.
--In Rome a Jesuit father who teaches canon law can repeat the whole of the Code of Canon Law in Latin, a book which runs into hundreds of pages.
-- Elihu Burritt, "the learned blacksmith," of New Britain, Connecticut, was able to speak fluently in about 100 languages.
--Frank La Forge, the famous pianist, could play more than 4,00 difficult compositions without notes.
--Birds have air sacs to ventilate their lungs. The sacs also hold extra "breath" for long notes.
--A wolf usually mates for life. Upon the death of its companion it seldom joins wolves on forays. Thus the expression "lone wolf".
--America's first industry was a glass factory at Jamestown, Va., in 1608.
--The 68-year old parent naval orange tree at Riverside, California, still bears fruit. Its 9,000,000 descendants grow in all corners of the earth.
--An electric eel is not an eel but related-to the catfish.

I never knew that...
The American whaling industry began at East Hampton, Long. Island.
Shinnecock Indians taught the art of harpooning to the settlers.
There are no national holidays in the United States. Each state has jurisdiction over its own.
The first postage stamp was issued in the United States in 1847.
Toronto is farther South than Seattle.
The pyramid on the back of a dollar bill is only three-quarters completed.
The watt was approved by Congress as the legal measurement of electricity.
The U.S. Cabinet was established by an Act of Congress.
The first detective story writer in America was Edgar Alien Poe.
Graham flour was named for Doctor Sylvester Graham, 1796-1851, early American specialist in diet.
Haversian canals are the little tubes in bones for blood vessels.
The meat-chopper was invented 104 years ago.
The Washington Post March was dedicated to the newspaper of that name.


KORNEY KORNER

This week we will start off with that sailor who came from way up in them thar hills. After successfully making seaman, he decided that he had better send a little of that easily earned cabbage home as a token of good wishes and as a general improvment around home. So, he bought a bathtub and had it shipped home to his parents. After several weeks he had a letter of thanks from the old man which ended, "and I would have rit befor but have been waiting for you to send the oars."

Here's a splicy one:
Sailor: "Let's get tied."
Gal: "Let's knot!"

Dolores says: Her new friend, the gob, certainly is an athlete; she hears he jumped the ship twice a week.

The lanky sharp-nosed mountaineer dragged his gangling youngster down the hills to the district school in the heart of the worst feud country in Kentucky.
"This youngun needs some schoolin. I heerd.youall is learnin'em triggernometry, and that's jist what Lem here needs cause he's the only pore shot in the Stebbins family."

First Wife: "Now that I'm getting fat and gray-haired, I have to do all the housework."
Second Wife: Can't your husband afford to have a maid?
First Wife: "He can, but I can't."

Cop: "Hey, your headlights are out."
Sailor: "Yes, I put alcohol in the radiator and the gosh darned thing went blind."

Mess Attendant:"Sir, if you know where a thing is, is it lost?"
Lieutenant: "Certainly not."
Mess Attendant: "Ah sure glad of that, 'cause I just dropped your sword over the side."

Some men work like a horse to provide a car with plenty of horsepower so they won't have to walk.

A sailor and his girl friend were parked just off the main highway.
"Whatcha doin' here?" shouted the motorcycle cop.
"Saving gasoline," they answered.

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